The blue pottery of Jaipur is unique and hence of great interest in the past and even today. It is very popular in the national and international market. Since the blue colour is dominant on the white background pottery therefore it is known as blue pottery, otherwise various other colours like yellow green, maroon and black colours are also used in the pottery of Jaipur
Jaipur pottery is not made of clay but of ground felspar (burbura) mixed with gum or starch. It can be wielded by hand only, not on the potter’s wheel and locally known as kamchini.
The art appears to have originated in Delhi under the chief artist, by the Hindu Kumhar called Bhola. It seems probable that its production arose from a desire to complete with the imported jars, known as martabans, which came to Delhi all the way from the fort of that name on the coast of Burma. one of the pupils of Bhola was induced to join the School of Art, Jaipur, leading to the large demand for Jaipur pottery. The similarity in shape and material is striking. At first the designs and colouring adopted by the Delhi potter was strongly Hindu in character, but later on they became much more Muhammadan and consisted of rich shades of pale blue (occasionally green also) on a granular but pure white surface.
Jaipur school of blue pottery is formerly differed from Delhi and attained its reputation and popularity through the use of two shade of blue cobalt and turquoise on opaque white. Recently it has turned its attention to modern Persian models and has produced pottery with an admixture of green leaves and brown and yellow flowers that appears distinctly inferior to the older tradition.
Vases of various sizes cooking vessels, decorative tiles and other utility items were made in blue pottery of Jaipur.
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